Red biotechnology is a process which utilizes organisms to improve health care and help the body to
fight diseases. It is a branch of modern biotechnology which is utilized in the field of medicine. It
is of great value not only to the pharmaceutical industry but also to the medical profession as it
facilitates the enhancement of the quality of life on one hand and the alleviation of human suffering
on the other.
Red biotechnology has become a very important part of the medical field and is of tremendous use in the field
of diagnostics, gene therapy and clinical research and trials. Genetic engineering and the development and
production of various new medicines to treat the different life threatening diseases, are also part of the
benefits of red biotechnology.
The various branches of medicine in which this technology assumes great importance are the production of combination vaccines like DPT, combined with Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, as also a polio vaccine which is meant to be injected. This technology is beneficial in the field of Veterinary science and poultry farming as well. Other areas where red biotechnology is useful are in the fields of tissue engineering, cancer research, production of biochips and so on.
The field of tissue engineering utilizes this technology to produce artificial skin, bone, cartilage, and spinal discs. As such, tissue engineering deals with the process of tissue implantation. The required cells are cultivated on bio- degradable and bio- compatible materials.
Red biotechnology is also used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease as also in the field of cancer research. To treat Parkinson’s disease, the technology helps to discover the mutations as well as the amplifications of the gene that causes the disease. In the field of cancer research, the technology makes it possible to detect whether the anti- cancer drugs are effective for a particular patient as the efficacy of these drugs depend on the gene disposition of the patient to whom the drug is administered.
The development of biochips as a part of improving individualized medications is yet another breakthrough in red biotechnology. Biochips are miniature tools that are used to analyze the patient’s genetic makeup. These biochips help in the early diagnosis of a disease; they help to adapt the dosage of the medicine according to the patient’s individual requirements. This further translates into reduction of the various side effects a drug can cause.
A scientific study has proved that patients react in different ways to anti-depression drugs as well as to beta blocker drugs which are prescribed to keep hyper tension under check. With the use of red biotechnology, it is possible to determine the best dosage of a drug administered to a patient as also to clear all doubts as to whether a particular drug is effective or not for a patient.
This technology also makes it possible to design and produce drugs to suit the specific genetic requirements of specific patients. The potential for research and development in the field of medicine is tremendous with red biotechnology. On the one hand this technology helps the pharmaceutical industry to grow and develop better quality medicines while on the other hand it helps to improve the quality of life of human beings.